Green tea: A magical herb with miraculous outcomes
Green tea in its purest and most unadulterated form has always influenced human health for generations and day-by-day scientific evidence throughout the world is making people aware of the health benefits associated with this herbal drink. Though Green Tea is not officially recognized as a medical agent, it is one of the most researched plant-based remedies whose possible benefits include the promotion of cardiovascular health, cancer prevention, skin protection, and antioxidant activity, to fight high cholesterol levels, infection, impaired immune function, diarrhea, fatigue and many more. Laboratory findings have revealed that a notable health benefit of green tea is its powerful antioxidant potential which at the molecular level, helps prevent cellular damage from certain oxidation reactions in the body. The credit for their useful antioxidant property lies in their huge collection of chemical substances called polyphenols and catechins make a major contribution to them. Though catechins have been found in other plant derivatives such as grapes, and pomegranates, those found in tea have proven to be the most effective antioxidants known. The catechins epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is found in the greatest concentration and is most studied for its health benefits. There is an urgent need to check the efficacy, safety, and translational guidelines for green tea to be used as a safe, effective drug. The main objective of this review is to enlighten some recent facts with relevance to the current status and advance in green tea benefits.